species from around the world
Here are some of the species that call the Metro Richmond Zoo home. Start planning which animals you want to see first.
These popular animals have their own pages for updates
The addax is one of the world’s rarest mammals with less than 250 in the wild. The addax is well adapted to life in the desert.
AFRICAN CLAWLESS OTTER
This is the third largest otter species. Most of their time is spent swimming and playing. Their hands are clawless and their feet are partially webbed.
When hunting for food, the African penguin can dive to depths of 114 feet, hold its breath for 2.5 minutes, and reach speeds of 25 mph.
The American alligator is the loudest crocodilian. During breeding season, a male’s roar can be heard 500 feet away.
ASIATIC BLACK BEAR
These bears have an acute sense of smell, which is better developed than their sense of sight and hearing.
There are over 2 million Bactrian camels in the world, but only 950 are left in the wild in Asia. Camels can drink 32 gallons of water at once.
The Bengal tiger is native to Nepal and Southern Asia. Their stripes are like fingerprints; no two patterns are the same.
BLUE AND GOLD MACAW
These macaws are one of the larger macaws, measuring around 33 inches from head to tail tip with a wingspan of 3.5 feet. They can live over 35 years.
Bongo are native to Africa and live in small herds. They have prehensile tongues that aid in pulling leaves from branches.
The tapir is a shy animal native to the rainforests of South America. They weigh up to 600 pounds.
The capybara is native to Central and South America. They have partially-webbed toes which aid them while swimming. They can stay totally submerged for up to 5 minutes.
The cheetah is the fastest land mammal on the planet. They can accelerate to 70 mph in just a few seconds.
The flamingo’s trademark pink feathers get their beautiful color from the beta carotene found in the food they eat. Flamingos are social birds that prefer to live in groups.
Chimps are very intelligent, social animals that are capable of problem solving, tool use, organized hunting, empathy, and deceit.
Baby Colobus monkeys are born all white with pink faces. By three months old, they get their black and white adult coloring.
The Diana monkey is native to Western Africa. They can pack their cheek pouches with the equivalent of a stomach’s worth of food.
The Galapagos tortoise can weigh up to 700 pounds. They oldest Galapagos tortoise lived to 183 years.
Giant anteaters have no teeth and very limited jaw movement. They swallow more rapidly than most other mammals and can lap up 35,000 ants in a day.
Zebras can reach speeds of 50 mph. The stripes of the zebra are unique to each individual, much like a human fingerprint. They can weigh up to 785 pounds.
The Gray wolf is the largest member of the family Canidae. A wolf’s howl can be heard up to 6 to 7 miles away in wooded areas. They are highly social animals.
The King cobra is native to Southeast Asia and Indonesia. They are the longest venomous snake species in the world, measuring up to 18.5 feet.
The Komodo dragon is the largest living lizard species. They can measure up to 10 feet long and weigh up to 200 pounds. Their teeth are designed for cutting through flesh of prey.
Lions are known for their strength; they can knock down prey 3 times their size. They are very high on the food chain and have no natural predators.
Meerkats are native to African deserts and they are able to close their ears to keep dirt out. They also have a third eyelid that helps protect their eyes from sand.
Moluccan cockatoos are native to Indonesia and are the largest of the “white” cockatoos. With good care, they can live up to 80 years.
Orangutans are the most arboreal of the great apes. Their arms are twice as long as their legs. A female will give birth every 6-7 years.
The ostrich is the largest, heaviest, and fastest bird in the world. They can weigh up to 330 pounds and run 45 mph. The ostrich is the only bird with just two toes.
A male peafowl is known as a peacock while a female peafowl is called a peahen. Their impressive feathers can be 3 to 7 feet long. Peafowl are native to India.
POISON DART FROG
Poison dart frogs are native to the tropics in Central and South America. The frogs’ bright colors help ward off predators. There are over 100 species of these frogs.
The Pygmy hippo is a reclusive, nocturnal animal that is native to the swamps and rivers of West Africa. They can live up to 55 years.
The Red kangaroo is the largest marsupial in the world. A baby kangaroo, called a joey, is born hairless, blind, and less than an inch long.
The majestic giraffe is the tallest of all land mammals, reaching heights of 20 feet. Their gestation period is 15 months long.
Like all lemur species, the Ring-tailed lemur is native to Madagascar. Lemurs are prosimians, not monkeys.
RUEPPELL'S GRIFFON VULTURE
This vulture holds the title for being the highest flying bird in the world. Their record is 37,000 feet.
Extinct in the Wild
The Scimitar-horned oryx was once native to North Africa. The females’ horns are longer than the males’.
The serval has the largest ears, in proportion to its body, of any cat species. They are native to the savannas and forests in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The siamang has one of the loudest calls of all primates. They vocalize duets that can be heard for miles.
Armadillos are very good diggers because of their powerful legs and sturdy claws. They have between 6 and 8 armored bands around their middle.
Snow leopards are one of the most agile of all the big cats. They are quick and can leap up to 50-foot distances.
STELLER'S SEA EAGLE
The Steller’s sea eagle is one of the largest eagles in the world. Females are larger than males and can weigh up to 20 pounds. They are native to Siberia.
Sloths sleep about 15 hours per day and move very slowly when they are awake. They have a very slow metabolism. Food may take up to one month to ferment and digest in their stomach.
The gibbon’s main locomotion is brachiating, swinging hand over hand through the branches.
The White rhino is native to the plains of Africa. They are the second heaviest land mammal; they can weigh up to 6,000 pounds. A group of rhinos is called a crash.
White storks are migratory birds that fly to Africa or India for their winter months. White storks mate for life, but the pair splits up during migration and for the duration of the winter.