Cheetah Breeding Center

Racing to save the fastest land animal on the planet

Cheetah population in fast decline – Illustration provided by Tess Sheehey

HISTORY

The cheetah is Africa’s most endangered cat. In 1900, the cheetah population was around 100,000 individuals. However, due to habitat loss, human conflict, and illegal animal trade, the cheetah’s current wild population is in drastic decline. It is estimated there are around 7,000 cheetahs left in the wild. As of today, the cheetah inhabits only 23% of its historic African range. Cheetahs in the wild have an extremely high mortality rate. 90% of cubs die within the first three months of life. 50% of these deaths are attributed to predation and the other 40% fall victim to a lack of genetic diversity.

 

 

 

AT THE ZOO

Breeding cheetahs in captivity is very challenging. Only a small portion of the captive population is breeding. For instance, in 2013, only 8 liters of cheetahs were born in the United States.

The Metro Richmond Zoo was up for the challenge. In 2011, the Zoo purchased 52 acres of land adjacent to the current zoo property. We launched massive efforts in support of cheetah conservation. Construction began on the Cheetah Breeding Center (CBC), a private specialized facility dedicated solely to the conservation of cheetahs. The CBC contains 10 enclosures for cheetahs. Construction on the CBC was completed in 2012, and seven female cheetahs arrived at the Zoo to join our two male cheetahs. In 2012, our cheetah population was 9. Four years later, our cheetah population would grow to be 35.

After a three month gestation, on October 6, 2013, Lana gave birth to five cubs. This was the first litter of cheetah cubs for the MRZ. As of 2017, we have had 40 cubs born at the CBC from 8 different litters. These births have made significant additions to the cheetah population. Some of the adult cheetahs at the zoo are unrelated to the other cheetahs in North America, so the genetic value of cubs for future breeding is extremely high. The Metro Richmond Zoo is proud of our tremendous success we have had with cheetah breeding. To accommodate our growing cheetah population, we are currently expanding our CBC to a total of 15 enclosures.

aerial view of the CBC

Khari and Hatari mating – February 2015

Milani 3 months pregnant – September 2014 

 

ZAA Excellence in Breeding Award

The Metro Richmond Zoo is the recipient of the 2017 ZAA Excellence in Breeding award for our work in cheetah conservation! In 4 years, we have had 40 cheetah cubs born. Thank you for the recognition, Zoological Association of America.

Zoo Director, Jim Andelin, receiving the award at the 2017 ZAA conference.

Milani giving birth on September 19, 2014

 

Video tour of the Cheetah Breeding Center

 

Cheetah Cubs born in 2016

 

                                              CHEETAH LITTERS

 

Khari- 2017

  • Khari, a second time mother, gave birth to 4 cubs on July 20, 2017
  • 2 males and 2 females
  • Khari was 6 years old
  • Hatari, a fourth time father, was 9 years old
  • Went on exhibit at the Zoo on October 5th, 2017
  • At 2 months old, these are the youngest cubs guests have ever been able to see at the Zoo

            

Wiay- 2016

  • Wiay, a first time mother, gave birth to 6 cubs on April 2, 2016
  • Litters of 6 cubs only happen 8% of the time
  • Because of her inexperience, she accidentally laid on one cub shortly after birth and it passed away
  • Remaining 3 males and 2 females are doing well
  • Wiay was 4 years old
  • Kitu, a fourth time father, was 8 years old

Vaila- 2016

  • Vaila, a first time mother, gave birth to 7 cubs on April 1, 2016
  • Litters of 7 cubs only happen 1% of the time
  • Because of her inexperience, she did not clean the birth sac surrounding one cub and it did not survive
  • One cub was born with a deformity and only lived a few hours
  • Remaining 3 females and 2 males are doing well
  • Vaila was 4 years old
  • Hatari, a third time father, was 8 years old

Milani- 2016

  • Milani, a second time mother, gave birth to 3 cubs on March 21, 2016
  • 2 males and 1 female
  • Milani was 6 years old
  • Hatari, a second time father, was 8 years old

 

Khari- 2015

  • Khari, a first time mother, gave birth to 4 cubs on May 12, 2015
  • 1 female and 3 males
  • 1 male cub died shortly after birth
  • Khari was almost 4 years old
  • Hatari, a first time father, was 7 years old
  • Kumbali was pulled from this litter and raised by zoo staff with a puppy (Read more here)
  • Cubs’ names- Kalu (m), Kumbali (m), Amina (f)

Lana – 2015

  • Lana, a second time mother, gave birth to 6 cubs on April 29, 2015
  • 4 females and 2 males
  • 1 female cub died shortly after birth
  • Lana was 5 years old
  • Kitu, a third time father, was 7 years old
  • Lana and this litter are currently on exhibit in the zoo
  • Cubs’ names- Dakari (m), Zuberi (m), Fatuma (f), Layla (f), Siti (f)

 

Milani – 2014

  • Milani, a first time mother, gave birth to 5 cubs on September 19, 2014
  • 4 females and 1 male
  • 2 female cubs died shortly after birth
  • Milani was 3 years old
  • Kitu, a second time father, was 6 years old
  • Cubs’ names- Hasani (m), Neema (f), Naya (f)

 

 

Lana – 2013

  • Lana, a first time mother, gave birth to 5 cubs on October 6, 2013
  • 3 males and 2 females
  • This was the first litter of cheetahs born at the MRZ
  • Lana was 4 years old
  • Kitu, a first time father, was 5 years old
  • Cubs’ names- Richie (m), Rico (m), Chester (m), Amelia (f), Hanna (f, deceased)

Cheetah Family Tree (As of 2016)

(Infographic by Sarah Lockwood)

Lana and her cubs – November 2013

 

Pie graph of all cheetahs born in captivity in North America by location in 2015. The MRZ is represented in green.

 

 

At this time, we do not have the cheetah cam operating. Stay tuned for future cheetah birth announcements.

Each year, the MRZ makes significant contributions to the Cheetah Conservation Fund and Cheetah Conservation Botswana in Africa. Our visitor round-up donations are used to help our cheetah conservation program.


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